Beryl stone has been known since ancient times. Its name was first mentioned in the year A.D. 77 in Pliny’s Natural History. Etymologically, the Latin name “beryllus”, is derived from the ancient Greek “beryllos”, literally translated “colour of sea water”. In ancient Rome, this stone was used to make certain objects, such as magnifying glasses.
Today, this material is best known as the main source of beryllium, a metal that is highly valued for the creation of certain alloys, but also used for the creation of nuclear energy. However, crystals made from this mineral are still used in jewellery, to design all types of pendants, rings or ornaments… They have the advantage of being cut in many different ways: drop, pear, square, facet…
There are different types of beryl, which are characterised by their colour. We distinguish: emerald (green), aquamarine (blue or green-blue), heliodore (golden or yellow), goshenite (colourless), morganite (pink to orange) and red beryl. Semi-precious, even precious for some of them, these gems belong to the group of silicates. They can contain traces of iron, manganese, magnesium, calcium, chromium or sodium… It is these different traces of metals that explain their wide range of colours, which can be lighter or darker, transparent or opaque. Although present throughout the world, this mineral is mainly extracted in Colombia, Russia (heliodores), Brazil (aquamarines, heliodores, others) or Pakistan (aquamarines). There are also large deposits in the United States, and the presence of this mineral has been reported in several places in France: Orvault (Loire-Atlantique), La Villeder (Morbihan), Alençon (Orne), Bessines (Haute-Vienne), Autun (Saône-et-Loire)…
Very present in granitic pegmatites, this stone is the result of a crystallization phenomenon. This phenomenon can be explained by the enrichment of the magma in water, but also by the addition of rare elements. The crystals can be of large size, in particular thanks to the mineralising elements that are fluorine and boron. In pegmatites, this stone is often found near other minerals, such as topaz, muscovite, wolframite, garnet, but especially quartz, feldspar or mica. It is also found in some syenites (nephelineic or not) and in some marbles. It is sometimes characterized by a phenomenon called “metamorphic paragenesis”. By mixing silica, alumina and beryllium bicarbonate, a hydrothermal synthesis of this mineral can be achieved. A temperature of 400°C to 850°C is then necessary, as well as a pressure of 400 to 2000 bars. Beryl stone crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P6/mcc (Z = 2 structural units per mesh), with the mesh parameters a = 9.203 Å and c = 9.172 Å (V = 672.75 Å3, calculated density = 2.65 g/cm3).
Beryl has a vitreous or matt lustre, imperfect cleavage, hexagonal morphology and prismatic faces. It is also quite hard, with a density ranging from 2.60 to 2.90. Prisms of different types are also found. These are terminated by pedion, and there are also bipyramids of two kinds. As for the elongation of the crystals, it follows the Z-axis. In addition, the stone becomes fluorescent and luminescent when subjected to ultraviolet radiation, and has a white line and a conchoidal fracture. The most transparent variants take on a milky white colour when heated abruptly, while emeralds take on a light green hue. We can classify these minerals in 5 categories according to alkali content: alkali-free, alkaline-poor, sodium, sodium-lithium and cesium-lithium. The first contain less than 1% alkali; the second contain between 0.5% and 1% potassium; the third contain between 0.5% and 1% sodium; the fourth contain between 0% and 2% sodium and less than 6% lithium; and the fifth contain a high sodium and lithium content and at least 5% cesium. The beryl stone family (61.01.01) is an integral part of the cyclosilicates, characterized by a six-membered ring. Its structure has a peculiar symmetry, perpendicular to the main axis. It passes through silicon atoms and may also contain aluminium atoms (instead of silicon), as well as hydroxyl OH. According to Strunz’s classification, this stone falls within the group 9.CJ.05. It is therefore considered a silicate with a six-membered ring, which makes it, more precisely, a cyclosilicate. Forming columns, which are distinguished by their parallelism to the main axis, they are connected to each other by rings. These are composed of four tetrahedra. Aluminium is also found in the octahedral sites. According to Zoltai’s classification, this mineral has the topology of a tectosilicate. But it can of course be considered a cyclosilicate, given the distinction between tetrahedra centered on silicon and those centered on beryllium (Machatski-Bragg Classification). It should be noted that in alkali beryl, beryllium is substitutable. It can be replaced by aluminium (in the tetrahedral position), which in turn can be replaced by lithium (in the octahedral position). By introducing sodium or cesium ions into the channels, the electrical equilibrium of the structure is achieved.
Beryl is known to influence emotions and feelings. Heliodore, yellow or golden, stimulates the mind, gives more willpower and reduces stress. Morganite, with its pink to orange hue, soothes emotional problems and improves seduction skills. Generally speaking, this gem has a soft action, which favours mediation, purging negative energies and, of course, reducing stress. However, you must use it sparingly and have a little experience, given its power. The chakras of predilection of this stone are especially the chakras of the Solar Plexus, the Heart chakra and the Coronal chakra. Other chakras can be added to the list depending on the color and specificity of the variant used. These minerals are symbols of luck, calm and purity. In India, they are offered as wedding gifts. Emerald is synonymous with hope, heliodore with solar energy… Depending on the variety, the virtues and lithotherapeutic effects are multiple: increase of will or courage, decrease of idleness, even appearance of prophetic dreams. Depending on its colour and characteristics, it can be favourable to all astrological signs.
At the level of the etheric sub-planes, it allows the user to renew information and codes, while facilitating the reading of information resulting from a trauma of a vibratory nature. It is useful to close the cracks in the etheric body. Emotionally, it brings comfort (given its dominant yin) and a feeling of envelopment that reactivates a lot of information with power. Of course, each variety (and therefore each colour) has its own specific field of action. On the mental level, it allows to integrate systems of higher thought and to connect to higher planes. It pulls you upwards in your daily functioning, enables you to take a step back from your habits, to better apprehend your behaviour and your way of life. The results: a higher consciousness and a decrease in judgment.
Beryls are like inner guides that allow us to look at ourselves more as we are than as we think we are. They act as models of life different from what we are used to being. These models are not to be followed to the letter, but they simply allow us to step back from the idea that we have of our own individual consciousness. This new perception of ourselves thus obliges us to concretely modify our reality so that it is the most conform to what we are in essence.
As we have already said, the stone’s physical benefits depend on its variety and hue. The stone would have a considerable contribution to establish harmony between the subtle bodies. Overall, the various types of beryl would contribute to the purification of the body and the stimulation of breathing and blood circulation. Some types of beryl are said to have benefits for the liver and bone marrow of the user. Many other ailments can be soothed: swollen glands, pain in the arteries, intestinal disorders, transit, and pain related to menstruation or pregnancy. This stone strengthens the eyes, the coronary arteries and the heart.