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Native Sulphur Stone

NATIVE SULPHUR STONE CHARACTERISTICS

  • Origin of the name: From its element bearing the atomic number 16
  • Chemical composition: Pure sulphur, S.
  • Hardness: Between 1.5 and 2.
  • Crystal System: Orthorhombic
  • Deposits: United States, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, and near volcanic environments
  • Colours: Yellow, often bright to greenish-brown

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NATIVE SULPHUR STONE: ITS HISTORY, ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION, AND ITS LITHOTHERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES AND VIRTUES

HISTORY OF NATIVE SULPHUR STONE

Native sulphur stone is tainted with a negative and even “sulphurous”! Sconnotation! Its strong smell and volcanic origin often related it to the devil, but that is not all. Sulphur was recognized early for its purifying, cleansing but also destructive virtues: fire purification. Thus, around 150 B.C., Cato the Elder offers a recipe composed of sulphur to fight against the vine moth, a pest species. Homer attributes to it the property of keeping vermin away. In the Odyssey, Ulysses burns some to purify his house after having killed the suitors of his wife Penelope. He wanted his room to be “sulphured”. In the Bible too, it is associated with fire to embody God’s wrath. Together, they destroyed in order to purify Sodom and Gomorrah in particular. Its purifying virtues continue to be put to good use: it was still used in the 15th century against the Black Death in order to cleanse buildings, by “sulphuring” them.

Sulphur’s bad reputation also comes from its toxicity. The study of its emanations around volcanoes was thus not without dangers. Pliny the Elder, the Roman naturalist, died in 79, probably intoxicated by hydrogen sulphide vapours released by the eruption of Vesuvius, the same that destroyed Pompeii. In the 5th century B.C., the Greek philosopher and physician Empedocles committed suicide by throwing himself into Mount Etna’s crater. Sulphur compounds have other historical uses. Military uses were developed in different civilizations. Dioscorides, who laid the foundations of scientific pharmacy in Greek Antiquity describes the irritating smoke of sulphur dioxide (so2), used by the Greek army to scare off its enemies. Later in the 11th century, the Chinese created gunpowder by mixing sulphur with saltpetre and charcoal. It was discovered in Europe in the 13th century.

Its chemical scientific study was made in the 18th century by Lavoissier and Gay-Lussac. They proved that sulphur stone is a pure single element and not a compound. Chemists later found it in certain plants, as well as in the bile and blood of animals. At the beginning of the 19th century, its fungicidal properties were scientifically established and sulphuric acid was developed and patented. In the middle of the 19th century, powdery mildew ravaged French vineyards: after a considerable reduction in wine production, the use of sulphur products to treat them was tested and then widely rolled out.

From then on, its use extended to different sectors of activity: from wool and silk bleaching to fungicide and disinfectant treatments, agriculture fertilisers, gunpowder and match production, and to sulphuric acid production… Extraction thus developed in factories called refineries or trituraries throughout the south of France mainly to meet the increasing needs of winegrowers: Dozens of these factories are being set up around cities such as Marseille, Montpellier, Frontignan, Sète, Narbonne and Bordeaux. The application of these sulphurous products was toxic and caused allergies. The fumes burned the applicators’ eyes. Numerous machines were developed to allow a safe use. Transformed into sulphite, it is also used in the production of wine as a preservative. The use of these sulphites is currently controversial. Sulphurous water is drunk in some thermal cures. Currently, sulphur products are authorised, albeit in moderation, in organic farming for their fungicidal, acaricidal and repellent properties.

ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION OF NATIVE SULPHUR STONE

Chemically, sulphur is the one with the atomic number 16 and the symbol S in the element nomenclature table. Its atomic number means that its atom contains 16 protons. It is present in the composition of numerous minerals, as a sulphide ion with an oxidation state of -11 or as a sulphate ion, which is a polluting. It has other oxidation states. Its atoms form rings (S8, S6). It is combined with hydrogen to produce hydrogen sulphide, a toxic gas with a particularly unpleasant smell, reminiscent of a rotten egg. As it burns, it emits a blue flame and an irritating gas called sulphur dioxide (so2). It occurs naturally in the form of yellow crystals. It comes out of the ground as a high-temperature liquid and crystallizes at room temperature. It can be found in its pure (native) state in volcanic regions, but also in many compound minerals (sulphide or sulphate). It is most often extracted from sedimentary rocks, formed by the accumulation of stratified sediments, rather than in volcanic regions in gaseous (fumaroles) and liquid form. It is found in abundance in its natural state.

It is an element of all living things. It is present notably in two of the twenty natural amino acids, cysteine and methionine, which are found in most proteins. Methionine is essential for the functioning of the human body, as it plays a critical role in cell development and metabolism.

LITHOTHERAPEUTIC VIRTUES AND PROPERTIES OF NATIVE SULFUR STONE

NATIVE SULPHUR STONE’S PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS

The purifying virtues of native sulphur stone are also expressed in lithotherapy for use on the psychological and energetic level. It allows you to become aware of the pollutions which alter the good functioning of your body at all levels, corporal, psychic as well as energetic. It thus helps you to identify what you must change in your daily life to limit the great impact of these pollutions. It also acts on past pollutions, for example limiting beliefs and traumas whose effect persists.

By facilitating energetic exchanges between the different dimensions of your body, native sulphur stone stimulates a freer, more spontaneous expression of your feelings. During our psychic development, our sensitivity is often hindered by excessive educational attitudes, by fears transmitted by our entourage. It gets our body dimensions going again after being frozen and paralyzed by mental habits and prohibitions. Its action helps you develop your creativity, free yourself from the control of your conditioned mind. It allows you to perceive new information in your daily life with a heightened intuition.

It allows you to enter a state of psychic willingness and self-release. This freedom of mind and the development of your intuition naturally stimulate your curiosity and spontaneity; you will develop multiple interests simultaneously, without limiting yourself. The use of this stone plays on your ability to make relevant connections between different areas. However, native sulphur stone will provide you with the necessary centering so that this overflowing curiosity is not in vain. It helps you to maintain a certain coherence, structuring your priorities in order to stay focused on the essential. It accompanies you in a harmonious transformation of your relationship to the world. The universe becomes for you a source of limitless joy and curiosity.

It is linked with alchemy and the origin of Life. It makes you more receptive to the mechanisms of synchronicity, interconnecting you with every living part, in both material and subtle dimensions. It erases the artificial limits between all these dimensions. You can access the intimate understanding of the Life force that structures and connects all beings of the world. Each detail has its importance through this interrelation with the great Whole. It allows access to dazzling intuitions on the mysteries of Life and facilitates their serene acceptance.

NATIVE SULPHUR STONE’S PHYSICAL BENEFITS

Sulphur stone is a constituent of your body: it is a component of cysteine and methionine, which are essential for the proper functioning of the body, metabolism and cellular reproduction. It participates in the maintenance of homeostasis, the body’s balance, both at the organic and energetic levels. It makes biochemical exchanges easier at the intercellular level. It thus contributes to the preservation of your life capital and combats cellular ageing. Thermalism recognizes its balancing properties: sulphurous water is consumed during certain cures.

It is also effective in protecting yourself from heavy metals, for example lead and aluminum, whose toxicity it blocks. It can also facilitate the evacuation of toxins.

NATIVE SULPHUR STONE SYMBOLISM

  • Represents heavenly will

NATIVE SULPHUR STONE TRADITIONS

  • Alchemy: Sulphur represents the “golden apple”, the male active ingredient. Sulphur represents the fire that fertilizes mercury by killing it.