Stibine stone

STIBINE STONE CHARACTERISTICS

  • Origin of the name: Some say that it comes from the mixture from which the mineral is extracted. In its natural state, this metal has similarities with many other metals such as silver or copper, so its name would be a derivative of « anti monos » which means « not alone ». Others believe that this name comes from the monk Basilius Valentinus who was the first to share the virtues of stibine stone with his peers.
  • Chemical composition: Antimony sulphide, Sb2S3
  • Hardness: 2
  • Crystal System: Orthorhombic
  • Deposits: Germany, China, France, Italy, Japan, Romania
  • Colours: Grey, black

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STIBINE STONE: ITS HISTORY, ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION, AND ITS LITHOTHERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES AND VIRTUES

HISTORY OF STIBINE STONE

The first written record referring to stibine stone dates back to the year 77 in the writings of Pliny the Elder. It was only much later that François Sulpice Beudant introduced the term stibine, based on the Greek « Stibi ». LThe type locality of this mineral species is in Japan, in the Ichikawa deposit on the island of Shikoku, the mine being now depleted. There are still several deposits in South America, Mexico, Bolivia and Peru. During the 5th and 6th dynasties of their pharaohs, the ancient Egyptians used this metal to cover copper water containers. A Chaldean vase entirely made of this mineral was also found during excavations.

Antimony is mentioned in the Bible. Jezebel used this mineral to make up his eyes. It is both a hygienic and aesthetic practice that was highly popular among certain ancient peoples. The Chinese, the Romans and the Greeks also used this mineral for various treatments. During the 16th century, the monk Basile Valentin described in his pamphlet the benefits of this metal and its action on the purification of gold. Basil went so far as to claim that the same purifying effects could be observed on the human body.

Until the second half of the 16th century, abuses in the therapeutic use of compounds based on this mineral caused numerous deaths. The Faculty of Paris finally prohibited their use. The widespread use of antimony compounds gave rise to an original derivative vocabulary which in some cases is still used today. Trioxide, for example, was called Argentinean flowers, while pentasulphide was called golden sulphur. Among other strange names, oxychloride was called algaroth powder, and trichloride antimony butter.

This mineral’s greatest fame stems from the work of alchemists. For them, it was an essential material, and they gave it different names. The « grey wolf of the philosophers », the « material of the elders », or the « natural son of Saturn » are all alchemical names for this metal. It was considered to be the penultimate step towards perfection by successfully transmuting an impure metal into gold. In modern times, organic derivatives of this mineral are still used to treat various internal parasitic infections.

ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION OF STIBINE STONE

It is a category 2 mineral species in the same series as bismuthinite. It is composed of antimony sulphide, whose ideal formula is Sb2S3. The chemical symbol of its element is Sb and its atomic number is 51. It also contains traces of copper, zinc, lead, iron, titanium, and various other metals. This sulphide has been used for cosmetic purposes for many centuries, for the composition of eye shadows and mascaras. Even today, it can still be used in pyrotechnics to produce a shimmering effect. This metallic, silvery-coloured mineral offers high brilliance. It sometimes shows bluish or iridescent reflections in the presence of alterations. It is an opaque metal with a hardness of 2 on Mohs scale. Its formation occurs far below the earth’s surface at low temperatures, between 500 and 200°C.

PAmong its characteristics it is worth noting that unlike many other metals it will not tarnish in contact with ambient air. It is a very bad electrical and thermal conductor. It is found in very small quantities inside the earth’s crust and its concentration does not exceed 0.7%. It is more present at the surface. This mineral is listed as one of the non-renewable natural resources that will soon disappear. There are several versions regarding the origin of its name. Some say it comes from the mixture from which the mineral is mined. In its natural state, this metal shares great similarities with many other metals such as silver or copper, so its name is said to be derived from « anti monos » which means « not alone». Others believe that its name comes from the monk Basilius Valentinus who was the first to share the virtues of stibine stone with his peers.

This mineral has been used since the earliest times for various purposes. It was used in the manufacture of pottery in the Babylonian era or for the production of Egyptian eye shadows. Even further back in the past, the Mesopotamians used a yellow pigment that required the presence of this mineral during its manufacture. In ancient Rome, it was already used as an emetic in the form of potassium antimonyltartrate, and was particularly popular during orgies and banquets. Alchemists have always been fascinated by this mineral because of its brilliance and the purity of its colour. They assumed that transmuting it into silver and gold must be a simple task. Stibine stone was therefore exhaustively studied and used in every conceivable way by alchemists until the 18th century. The Encyclopedia of Diderot and d’Alembert devotes an entire chapter to this metal, mentioning mainly its uses and virtues. A calcination of the carefully used mineral should cure pox. Chloride with its caustic properties could be used to clean certain wounds such as bites, or could be used to brown certain metals. Apothecaries of the time could use a mixture of sulphides and oxysulphides called kermes. The book also describes at length the preparation of medicinal products such as antinomium ressucitatum, which is very indicated for treating mania. Golden Sulphur was reputed to be excellent universal remedies and were recommended for a large number of physical disorders.

For a long time, preparations based on this metal were found in the form of small balls to be swallowed, or dissolved in infusions. These balls were called perpetual pills because of their transmission from generation to generation. All these preparations based on this mineral gave rise to many unfortunate side effects that led the faculty of Paris and the Parliament to ban its use in 1566. A century later, due to enormous demand, a new decree allowed it to be used again. The renowned marquise, Madame de Sévigné, to take just one example, used it daily in the hope of prolonging her youth. In modern times, this metal is used in a wide variety of fields. The main producing country is China, with an annual production of 170 Kilotonnes per year. It is frequently used in welding as well as in the preparation of various alloys. It is also used to give brightness to fireworks, as well as for tinting glass. It is present in lead batteries as well as in electrodes. It is also used during polymerization process, necessary for the manufacture of certain fruit juice or water bottles. Its trioxide is also used in the textile industry to provide fire-retardant properties to fabrics. It is also used as a catalyst in the production of certain polyesters. In the field of electronics, the mineral is used in the production of conductors such as electrodes and semiconductors, making it possible to modulate their electrical properties. Unlike arsenic, this mineral is highly toxic in its various degrees of oxidation. It is a major and dangerous pollutant and has a negative impact on the environment. This crystal contains lead sulphide, so it should be handled with care. Industrial use causes pollution due to oxide particles emission.

LITHOTHERAPEUTIC VIRTUES AND PROPERTIES OF STIBINE STONE

STIBINE STONE’ PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS

Stibine stone can bring about deep and complete change to its wearer. This attraction and transformation stone also has benefits on personal development and self-confidence. To avoid negative effects, be sure to define precisely what needs to be attracted to your life before using it. Stibine stone emits an earth-bound, cleansing and protective energy. It is an extremely powerful crystal for manifestations and can be used in the amplification of vibratory energies.

By strengthening the auric field, this mineral allows the person who uses it to find new courage and to establish and maintain contact with an entity, while offering protection against attachment and possession. Used with a pendulum to check its purity, it can be used to remove an entity. To do this, it is necessary to make sure that you know how to handle a pendulum perfectly. Stibine stone nis not water and salt-resistant. Your inner frequencies can be better regulated thanks to the formidable positive powers of the mineral. It allows you to exploit your own potential. Stibine crystal’s liberating power will help you to focus on what needs to be accomplished.

STIBINE STONE’ PHYSICAL BENEFITS

As regards health, stibine stone has virtues that help to improve blood circulation. It is also known to have benefits on pain and worries related to the digestive system. Due to the incessant changes we face today, Stibine is a great ally. It promotes adaptation to environmental changes by providing protection. It also helps to improve the well-being of those who use it, and helps to bring order to chaos. The mineral has moreover benefits likely to support a good economy. It will be very useful during meditation sessions and intention ceremonies.

One of the many ways to use this real diamond is for diagnosis. Its power makes it an ideal tool for inspecting anatomy in specific areas where a weakness might be revealed. Used without water or salt for purification purposes, it also helps the human body to better resist changes in energy frequencies. This stone is also highly effective in eliminating toxins from the emotional body. Stibine stone can improve mediations, but also experiences of spiritual openings in full consciousness, and improve the ability to communicate with entities of the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdom. In case of infections, oesophagus tension or stomach disorders, this mineral is a valuable aid to fight effectively against aggression.

STIBINE STONE SYMBOLISM

  • It allows you to achieve perfection during the penultimate stage of the transmutation of the vile metal into gold by the Philosopher’s Stone.
  • It symbolises Protection and Courage.

 

STIBINE STONE TRADITIONS

  • Egyptians: They used stibine powder to make up: to emphasize the contour of the eyes and darken their lashes.
  • Middle Ages: Antimony was the prerogative of the alchemists. They called it the “matter of the elders”, “grey wolf of the philosophers” or “natural son of Saturn”.